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What Does a Chicken Need Besides Feed?

A good-quality layer feed is necessary in every chickens' diet but they also need two essential things - grit and calcium.

A good-quality layer feed is the cornerstone to optimal flock health, but in addition to a well-balanced feed (maybe with a few natural supplements thrown in to boost immune systems and overall health), chickens also need two important things added to their diet. 

Namely, grit and a calcium supplement.

What Does a Chicken Need Besides Feed?

Calcium Supplement for Chickens

Although chicken layer feed has calcium in it, providing a calcium supplement for your laying hens is also a good idea since eggshells are more than 95% calcium. 

If a laying hen doesn't get enough calcium in her diet, she will start to leach the calcium from her bones to make the shells on her eggs - and that can lead to poor health or broken bones. 

The calcium supplement should always be fed free-choice, meaning not mixed into the feed but instead offered in a separate container so each hen can eat as much or as little as she needs (and young non-laying hens and roosters won't eat any). 

You can purchase commercial crushed oyster shell or...

#freshtip Save and dry your chickens' eggshells then crush them and put out a small dispenser in your coop. 

Grit (Insoluble) for Chickens

Since chickens don't have teeth, they need a way to grind up and digest the food they eat. 

When they are free ranging, they do this by picking up and swallowing small stones, coarse dirt, and pieces of gravel and rock, but if your chickens are confined to a run or pen, you will need to provide them commercial poultry grit

Again, it should always be provided free-choice in a separate container from their feed so each can eat as little or as much as he or she needs. 

The gravel is stored in the gizzard and overnight is used to grind up what your chickens eat. Eventually the pieces get so small that they are passed through the digestive system.

#freshtip Since our chickens get out to free range for a bit nearly every day, I don't worry much about providing them grit during the warm months.

But since the ground is frozen and covered with snow for so much of the year, in the fall I fill a few pails with some coarse dirt and gravel and keep a dispenser full in the coopThe chickens go through it and pick out the size stones they want and I periodically dump out the rest and refill the dispenser.

They also have a dust bath in their run year round filled with dirt, so they can pick out the grit from that as well.

Both of these supplements should be offered to your flock free-choice, meaning separate from their feed, so each chicken can eat as much or as little as they want or need. 

Fresh Eggs Daily Natural Poultry Feed Supplements

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